The Hangul, Kashmir's Stag, Nears Extinction Despite Conservation Endeavors - Travel News
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 / India  / The Hangul, Kashmir’s Stag, Nears Extinction Despite Conservation Endeavors
27 Mar

The Hangul, Kashmir’s Stag, Nears Extinction Despite Conservation Endeavors

Once emblematic of Kashmir’s natural splendor and biodiversity, the Hangul, or Kashmir stag (Cervus hanglu hanglu), now faces a grave threat of extinction, despite concerted conservation efforts.

Native to the dense forests and high-altitude meadows of the Kashmir Valley, the Hangul has long been an integral part of the region’s cultural and ecological fabric. Revered for its beauty and grace, the stag was once a common sight, embodying resilience and adaptability.

However, the Hangul’s conservation status has sharply declined in recent years. Presently, the wild population stands at less than 300 individuals, marking a critical point that has led to its classification as critically endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).


Dachigam National Park, near Srinagar, serves as the primary habitat for the Hangul. Its dense forests, alpine meadows, and clear streams provide an essential sanctuary for the species.

Various factors have contributed to the Hangul’s precarious situation. Habitat loss and fragmentation due to human activities such as encroachment, deforestation, and agricultural expansion have significantly diminished the stag’s available range.

Conservation endeavors, led by governmental and non-governmental organizations, in collaboration with local communities and conservationists, have been ongoing. These initiatives aim to safeguard the species and its habitat.

Nevertheless, the future of the Hangul remains uncertain, necessitating urgent action to address the underlying threats. The Hangul’s journey from abundance to the brink of extinction serves as a poignant reminder of the imperative to protect and conserve our planet’s invaluable biodiversity.